Crested Caracara Sightings

Order: Falconiformes Family: Falconidae Genus: Caracara

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Article below from Wikipedia entry: Caracara

Caracaras are birds of prey in the family Falconidae. They are traditionally placed in the subfamily Polyborinae,[1] but are sometimes considered part of their own subfamily, Caracarinae,[2] or members of the true falcon subfamily, Falconinae.[3] Caracaras are principally birds of South and Central America, just reaching the southern United States.

Unlike the Falco falcons in the same family, the birds in the five relevant genera are not fast-flying aerial hunters, but are comparatively slow and are often scavengers (a notable exception being the Red-throated Caracara).

Contents

  • 1 Species
  • 2 Distribution
  • 3 References
  • 4 External links

Species

  • Genus Daptrius
    • D. ater Vieillot, 1816 - Black Caracara
  • Genus Ibycter
    • I. americanus Boddaert, 1783 - Red-throated Caracara (formerly in Daptrius)
  • Genus Phalcoboenus
    • P. carunculatus Des Murs, 1853 - Carunculated Caracara
    • P. megalopterus Meyen, 1834 - Mountain Caracara
    • P. albogularis Gould, 1837 - White-throated Caracara
    • P. australis Gmelin, 1788 - Striated Caracara
  • Genus Caracara Merrem, 1826
    • C. cheriway Jacquin, 1784 - Northern Crested Caracara
    • C. plancus Miller, 1777 - Southern Crested Caracara
    • C. lutosa Ridgway, 1876 - Guadalupe Caracara (Extinct, 1903)
  • Genus Milvago
    • M. chimachima Vieillot, 1816 - Yellow-headed Caracara
    • M. chimango Vieillot, 1816 - Chimango Caracara

Distribution

The caracaras are found throughout much of the Americas. The range of the Northern Caracara extends as far north as the states of Arizona, Texas, and Florida in the United States.[4] In the Southern Hemisphere, the Striated Caracara inhabits the Falkland Islands and Tierra del Fuego, just off the coast of the southernmost tip of South America.[5]

References

  1. ^ Myers, P. R.; C. S. Parr; T. Jones; G. S. Hammond; T. A. Dewey. "Subfamily Polyborinae (caracaras and forest falcons)". Animal Diversity Web. University of Michigan. Retrieved 2009-08-21. 
  2. ^ "Check-list of North American Birds". North American Classification Committee. American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 2009-08-21. 
  3. ^ "A classification of the bird species of South America". South American Classification Committee. American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 2009-08-21. [dead link]
  4. ^ "Crested Caracara". All About Birds. Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Retrieved 2009-08-21. 
  5. ^ Marín, Manuel; Alejandro Kusch; David Oehler; Scott Drieschman (2006). "Distribution, Breeding and Status of the Striated Caracara (Phalcoboenus australis) (Gmelin, 1788) in Southern Chile". Anales Instituto Patagonia 34: 65–74. 

External links

  • Caracara videos on the Internet Bird Collection
  • Information on Florida Caracara

View full Wikipedia article here Caracara

Caracara
Mountain Caracara
Phalcoboenus megalopterus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Falconiformes
Family: Falconidae
Subfamily: Polyborinae
Genera
  • Daptrius
  • Ibycter
  • Phalcoboenus
  • Caracara
  • Milvago
Caracara Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge
Caracara in flight