|Article below from Wikipedia entry: Hemaris|
Hemaris is a genus of sphinx moths, consisting of about 17 species native to the Holarctic. Four species occur in North and South America and three are found in Europe. Their main host plants are herbs and shrubs of the teasel and honeysuckle families. Moths in genus Hemaris are known collectively as Clearwing Moths or Hummingbird Moths in the US and Bee Hawk-Moths in Britain.
- 1 Description
- 2 Species
- 3 Gallery
- 4 References
The eggs are small, spherical, and pale glossy green in color.
The larvae are small, cylindrical, and covered in granules that often have small bristles. Most larvae are green, brown, and gray, but there are many color forms. All have a distinctive pale dorso-lateral longitudinal stripe from head to horn.
The pupa is enclosed in a loosely spun cocoon, and is glossy in most species. There is a prominent tubercle or hook alongside each eye. The cremaster of the chrysalis is large and flattened.
The imagoes, or adults, are small, diurnal moths that resemble bumblebees in shape. They are often mistaken for hummingbirds. The forewings are fully scaled, but in some species patches of scales is lost during the first flight, leaving a glassy hyaline area on each wing. The antennae are strongly clubbed in both sexes and each has a small, recurved hook at the end. The abdomen ends in a large fan of setae.
The genitalia of the male are asymmetrical; the uncus is divided into two subequal lobes and is sclerotized. The ostium bursae, or genital opening, of the female is angled to the left.
- Hemaris affinis Bremer, 1861
- Hemaris aksana (Le Cerf, 1923) – Atlas Bee Hawkmoth
- Hemaris alaiana (Rothschild & Jordan, 1903) – Alai Bee Hawkmoth
- Hemaris beresowskii Alpheraky, 1897
- Hemaris croatica (Esper, 1800) – Olive Bee Hawkmoth
- Hemaris dentata (Staudinger, 1887) – Anatolian Bee Hawkmoth
- Hemaris diffinis (Boisduval, 1836) – Snowberry Clearwing
- Hemaris ducalis (Staudinger, 1887) – Pamir Bee Hawkmoth
- Hemaris fuciformis (Linnaeus, 1758) – Broad-bordered Bee Hawk-moth
- Hemaris galunae Eitschberger, Müller & Kravchenko, 2005 – Levant Bee Hawkmoth
- Hemaris gracilis (Grote & Robinson, 1865) – Slender Clearwing or Graceful Clearwing
- Hemaris molli Eitschberger, Müller & Kravchenko, 2005
- Hemaris ottonis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1903)
- Hemaris radians (Walker, 1856)
- Hemaris rubra Hampson,  – Kashmir Bee Hawkmoth
- Hemaris saldaitisi Eitschberger, Danner & Surholt, 1998
- Hemaris saundersii (Walker, 1856) – Saunders' Bee Hawkmoth
- Hemaris senta (Strecker, 1878) – Rocky Mountain Clearwing
- Hemaris staudingeri Leech, 1890
- Hemaris syra (Daniel, 1939) – Syrian Bee Hawkmoth
- Hemaris thetis Boisduval, 1855
- Hemaris thysbe (Fabricius, 1775) – Hummingbird Clearwing
- Hemaris tityus (Linnaeus, 1758) – Narrow-bordered Bee Hawk-moth
- Hemaris venata (Felder, 1861)
- ^ Kitching, I. J. and J. Cadiou. Hawkmoths of the World. An Annotated and Illustrated Revisionary Checklist (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae). Cornell University Press, New York. 2000. ISBN 0-8014-3734-2
- ^ Fauna Europaea Hemaris Dalman 1816
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